It is much more than most likely that if you are straight involved in the agricultural planet at some point you have heard about precision agriculture. Just like the tablet computer systems now, or the Macarena in the 1990s, precision agriculture is that unavoidable point that everybody is speaking about and with great cause. With a guarantee of considerably escalating productivity by integrating 21st century agriculture technologies into the farm, 1 cannot assistance but to get excited about all the prospective rewards. And given that precision agriculture relies on sophisticated on-board computing systems you can anticipate tomorrow's tractors to much more closely resemble the vehicle from Knight Rider than your dad's John Deere.
The premise behind precision agriculture is basic given that terrains are not uniform in most of their dimensions such as soil composition, nutritional desires, crop yields, and pest/illness presence, then the conventional practice of treating them uniformly is hardly perfect. Precision agriculture intends to resolve this challenge by splitting each and every block into a grid of smaller sized plots of land and micromanaging them individually, or performing “web page precise management” as we say in agriculture. Of course this is also massive a activity for individuals to do with given that it needs collecting and analyzing millions of pieces of information. This is exactly where technologies comes into play with a wide variety of sophisticated technologies such as GPS systems, yield monitors, variable price applicators, and geospatial statistical evaluation software program.
Soil composition and yield maps
As with any productive scientific endeavor, a great precision agriculture procedure needs correct information. A great spot to get started is commonly by producing soil composition and yield maps of the blocks you want to analyze. These maps represent the huge numbers of samples that will be the simple input for geospatial statistical evaluation software program that will create suggestions for distinctive processes such as fertilization, sowing density, and pest/illness manage.
The challenge with these sorts of maps is that they can be really tricky to make appropriately. A cumulative set of errors coming from a lot of distinctive components such as GPS technique accuracy limitations, usage of many harvesting machines on the similar fields (Numerous yield monitors), and time delays on information capture due to hardware capacity, can drive the margin of error exponentially even to the point of rendering it useless. This is why getting a right procedure for minimizing errors for the duration of information capture, and exactly where the posterior filtering of suspiciously out of spot information (Outliers) grow to be essential activities.
Variable price applications
Presently there are two key schools of believed behind variable price applications and potentially even precision agriculture in basic on 1 side we have these who want to raise the fields to additional heights than had been previously doable with conventional procedures. Their rationale lies behind the truth that given that we're not working with optimal agricultural procedures for each and every precise web page, then the maximum prospective of fields has not been reached and huge rewards can be accomplished by attempting to maximize production. On the other side of the fence we have authorities who believe that due to the truth that an very higher level of production has currently been reached on most crops, doable gains in production due to web page precise management of fields are marginal and not worth pursuing. The concentrate of these authorities as an alternative is centered in price-cutting by minimizing waste and more than application of agricultural supplies (Seeds, fertilizers, pesticides, and so on.). What I've noticed is that actual precision agriculture savvy farmers in a lot of circumstances have a position that sits half-way in between each camps, and as a result treat each and every field as a distinctive case that desires to be treated individually to figure out the ideal strategy.
As soon as you have decided which strategy suits your present predicament far better, modern day geospatial statistical evaluation software program tools will give a myriad of mathematical procedures for figuring out an optimal application pattern that requires into account the precise situations of each and every person web page. This application patterns will then be transferred to an on-board personal computer that can automatically manage application prices of the tools attached to the tractors (Planters, sprayers, and so on.) primarily based on the GPS position of the car. Right here once again making certain the minimization of errors in information, such as making certain an correct GPS position, can have a massive impact on the final outcomes of the exercising.
Is it worth it?
I am sorry to say that the jury is nevertheless out on this query. So far you will get an even quantity of each good and adverse stories about actual-life applications of precision agriculture. This could be due to the truth that a clear definition of when and exactly where this methodology tends to make sense has however to be agreed. Expecting precision agriculture to be a magic option for any person with a plot of land is not realistic, and it really is even much more most likely that there will be lots of circumstances exactly where precision ought to be made use of and even much more exactly where it should not. As soon as we get to that point and previous the hype we can gauge the actual effect of precision agriculture in distinctive conditions, then we will uncover its actual worth. Fortunately there is an ever increasing group of pioneers from all more than the planet that have taken the initial step.